Matrix programming with Mata
Mata is a full-blown programming language that compiles what you type into bytecode, optimizes it, and executes it fast.
Though you don't need to program to use Stata, it is comforting to know that a fast and complete matrix programming language is an integral part of Stata. Mata is both an interactive environment for manipulating matrices and a full development environment that can produce compiled and optimized code. It includes special features for processing panel data, performs operations on real or complex matrices, provides complete support for object-oriented programming, and is fully integrated with every aspect of Stata.